The first stethoscopes were wooden
This monaural stethoscope has a removable shaft that could be carried
a physician's top hat. The bell at the left of the photo was
against the chest with the broader end against the ear of the
17 cm in length.
1818, Francois Mayor of Geneva
fetal heart sounds in pregnant uterus, but did not recognize the
importance of the sound. It was Jean de Kergaredec, a student of
Rene Laennec, in 1822 published the clinical significance of the
fetal heart rate.
Pinard, (c. 1880s
) a French doctor, developed a technique of abdominal palpation
manipulation of the fetus. Subsequently, he developed a one piece
monaural fetoscope to listen to fetal heart beat on pregnant
It has a broad flat ear piece and a wide flaring fetal side. The
Pinard's fetoscope was used from 1880s thru early 1900s. The
monaural aluminum is still used in obstetrics up to the 1990s in
century 2- piece ebonized
Marked Young, Edinb.
A. One piece
fetoscope. 14 cm.
B. Two piece
C. One piece
D. One piece wooden monaural fetoscope. 14 cm
E. One piece light fruitwood monaural fetoscope. 16.5 cm
F. Wood monaural foetal stethoscope. 14 cm.
| G. Pinard
fetoscope. 12.5 cm. Circa 1880s
fetoscope. 12.5 cm. Circa 1990s.
stethoscope, by Milex. One end for the accoucheur, the other end
for the mother to listen for the fetal heart.
and Ms Jeanelle
Modified version of the
De Lee- Hillis
of K. Mitchell,
in this web page regarding date, age, and origin are statements of
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